We know enough about the setting, creative team, and when the TV series is likely to hit our screens to get us excited — and you can begin your adventure below. Details are still somewhat sparse on the content of the show, other than the events being set during the Second Age, which covers the rise of Sauron — the dark lord that crafted the fabled ring of power, which is destroyed at the end of The Return of the King. We expect Amazon is planning to make all five of the seasons it has the rights to make, meaning we could get a story on a real epic scale, covering years, decades or even centuries of the magical Middle-Earth.
The Tolkien estate is naturally protective its intellectual property, with the power to stop Amazon from altering any of the canonical events as set out in Tolkien's writings via A. However, Tolkien scholar Tom Shippey — who is acting as a consultant on the TV series — suggests that Amazon will have quite a blank slate to work with:. Any budding Tolkien cartographers can take a peek at this map Amazon released of the series' Middle-Earth, too.
Production is rumored to be starting in , and given the intended scale of the series, it's unlikely the show will be ready to stream before That's obviously a while to wait, but Amazon's ambitious plans for the show should mean you have plenty to binge when it does land. How ambitious? Amazon's Tolkien consultant Tom Shippey has said that 20 episodes are being planned for the first season via Deutsche Tolkien. If we assume a minute run time per episode, that's a lot of television that needs to be filmed.
The Lord of the Rings Quotes by J.R.R. Tolkien
And you thought the films were long! Let's get one thing straight: you're unlikely to see any returning faces from the Peter Jackson trilogy. Given the timeline that the show is going to be set in, most of the characters from the movies are yet to be born. Frodo falls deathly ill from the wound. The Black Riders nearly capture him at the Ford of Bruinen , but flood waters summoned by Elrond , master of Rivendell, rise up and overwhelm them.
Frodo recovers in Rivendell under Elrond's care. The Council of Elrond discusses the history of Sauron and the Ring. Strider is revealed to be Aragorn , Isildur's heir. Gandalf reports that the chief wizard Saruman has betrayed them and is now working to become a power in his own right.
The Council decides that the Ring must be destroyed, but that can only be done by sending it to the Fire of Mount Doom in Mordor, where it was forged. Frodo takes this task upon himself. Elrond, with the advice of Gandalf, chooses companions for him. After a failed attempt to cross the Misty Mountains over the Redhorn Pass, the Company take the perilous path through the Mines of Moria. They learn of the fate of Balin and his colony of Dwarves. After surviving an attack, they are pursued by Orcs and by a Balrog , an ancient fire demon. Gandalf faces the Balrog, and both of them fall into the abyss.
There, Boromir tries to take the Ring from Frodo, but Frodo puts it on and disappears. Frodo chooses to go alone to Mordor, but Sam guesses what he intends and goes with him. Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas debate which pair of hobbits to follow. They decide to pursue the Orcs taking Merry and Pippin to Saruman. In the kingdom of Rohan , the Orcs are slain by a company of Rohirrim.
Merry and Pippin escape into Fangorn Forest, where they are befriended by Treebeard , the oldest of the tree-like Ents. Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas track the hobbits to Fangorn. There they unexpectedly meet Gandalf. Gandalf explains that he slew the Balrog. Darkness took him, but he was sent back to Middle-earth to complete his mission. He is clothed in white and is now Gandalf the White, for he has taken Saruman's place as the chief of the wizards. Gandalf assures his friends that Merry and Pippin are safe. Together they ride to Edoras , capital of Rohan.
Meanwhile, the Ents, roused by Merry and Pippin from their peaceful ways, attack Isengard , Saruman's stronghold, and trap the wizard in the tower of Orthanc. Gandalf brings an army of Rohirrim to Helm's Deep, and they defeat the Orcs, who flee into the forest of Huorns, never to be seen again. Gandalf offers Saruman a chance to turn away from evil.
When Saruman refuses to listen, Gandalf strips him of his rank and most of his powers. After Saruman crawls back to his prison, Wormtongue drops a sphere to try to kill Gandalf. Pippin picks it up. Pippin is seen by Sauron. Gandalf rides for Minas Tirith , chief city of Gondor, taking Pippin with him. Frodo and Sam capture Gollum, who has followed them from Moria. They force him to guide them to Mordor. They find that the Black Gate of Mordor is too well guarded, so instead they travel to a secret way Gollum knows. On the way, they encounter Faramir , who, unlike his brother Boromir, resists the temptation to seize the Ring.
Gollum — who is torn between his loyalty to Frodo and his desire for the Ring — betrays Frodo by leading him to the great spider Shelob in the tunnels of Cirith Ungol. Frodo falls to Shelob's sting. But with the help of Galadriel's gifts, Sam fights off the spider. Believing Frodo to be dead, Sam takes the Ring to continue the quest alone. Orcs find Frodo; Sam overhears them and learns that Frodo is still alive. Sauron sends a great army against Gondor. Minas Tirith is besieged. Denethor is deceived by Sauron and falls into despair.
He burns himself alive on a pyre, nearly taking his son Faramir with him. Aragorn, accompanied by Legolas, Gimli and the Rangers of the North, takes the Paths of the Dead to recruit the Dead Men of Dunharrow, who are bound by a curse which denies them rest until they fulfil their ancient forsworn oath to fight for the King of Gondor. Aragorn defeats the Corsairs and uses their ships to transport the men of southern Gondor up the Anduin , reaching Minas Tirith just in time to turn the tide of battle.
Meanwhile, Sam rescues Frodo from the tower of Cirith Ungol. They set out across Mordor. Aragorn leads an army of men from Gondor and Rohan to march on the Black Gate to distract Sauron from his true danger. His army is vastly outnumbered by the great might of Sauron. He claims it for himself and puts it on his finger. Gollum suddenly reappears. He struggles with Frodo and bites off Frodo's finger with the Ring still on it. Celebrating wildly, Gollum loses his footing and falls into the Fire, taking the Ring with him.
When the Ring is destroyed, Sauron loses his power forever. The four hobbits make their way back to the Shire, only to find that it has been taken over by men directed by one "Sharkey" whom they later discover to be Saruman. The hobbits raise a rebellion and liberate the Shire, though 19 hobbits are killed and 30 wounded. He is slain in turn by hobbit archers, and the War of the Ring comes to its true end on Frodo's very doorstep. Merry and Pippin are celebrated as heroes. Sam marries Rosie Cotton and uses his gifts from Galadriel to help heal the Shire. But Frodo is still wounded in body and spirit, having borne the Ring for so long.
In the appendices, Sam gives his daughter Elanor the Red Book of Westmarch , which contains the story of Bilbo's adventures and the War of the Ring as witnessed by the hobbits. Sam is then said to have crossed west over the Sea himself, the last of the Ring-bearers. Some characters in The Lord of the Rings are unequivocal protagonists , and others are absolute antagonists.
However despite criticism that the book's characters "are all either black or white", some of the 'good' characters have darker sides that feature in the story, and likewise some of the villains have "good impulses". The Lord of the Rings started as a sequel to J. Tolkien's work The Hobbit , published in Tolkien warned them that he wrote quite slowly, and responded with several stories he had already developed.
The story would not be finished until 12 years later, in , and would not be fully published until , when Tolkien was 63 years old. Persuaded by his publishers, he started "a new Hobbit" in December The idea for the first chapter "A Long-Expected Party" arrived fully formed, although the reasons behind Bilbo's disappearance, the significance of the Ring, and the title The Lord of the Rings did not arrive until the spring of Writing was slow, because Tolkien had a full-time academic position, and needed to earn further money as a university examiner.
Tolkien made another concerted effort in , and showed the manuscript to his publishers in Tolkien Collection at Marquette University.
The influence of the Welsh language , which Tolkien had learned, is summarized in his essay English and Welsh : "If I may once more refer to my work. The Lord of the Rings, in evidence: the names of persons and places in this story were mainly composed on patterns deliberately modelled on those of Welsh closely similar but not identical. This element in the tale has given perhaps more pleasure to more readers than anything else in it.
Tolkien included neither any explicit religion nor cult in his work. Rather the themes, moral philosophy, and cosmology of The Lord of the Rings reflect his Catholic worldview. In one of his letters Tolkien states, "The Lord of the Rings is of course a fundamentally religious and Catholic work; unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision.
That is why I have not put in, or have cut out, practically all references to anything like 'religion', to cults or practices, in the imaginary world. For the religious element is absorbed into the story and the symbolism. Some locations and characters were inspired by Tolkien's childhood in Birmingham , where he first lived near Sarehole Mill , and later near Edgbaston Reservoir. This shows in such names as "Underhill", and the description of Saruman's industrialization of Isengard and The Shire.
It has also been suggested that The Shire and its surroundings were based on the countryside around Stonyhurst College in Lancashire where Tolkien frequently stayed during the s. After Milton Waldman, his contact at Collins, expressed the belief that The Lord of the Rings itself "urgently wanted cutting", Tolkien eventually demanded that they publish the book in The Return of the King was especially delayed due to Tolkien revising the ending and preparing appendices some of which had to be left out because of space constraints.
Tolkien did not like the title The Return of the King , believing it gave away too much of the storyline, but deferred to his publisher's preference. Tolkien was initially opposed to titles being given to each two-book volume, preferring instead the use of book titles: e. The Lord of the Rings : Vol. However these individual book titles were later scrapped, and after pressure from his publishers, Tolkien initially suggested the titles: Vol. Because the three-volume binding was so widely distributed, the work is often referred to as the Lord of the Rings " trilogy ".
In a letter to the poet W. Auden who famously reviewed the final volume in  , Tolkien himself made use of the term "trilogy" for the work  though he did at other times consider this incorrect, as it was written and conceived as a single book.
The books were published under a profit-sharing arrangement, whereby Tolkien would not receive an advance or royalties until the books had broken even, after which he would take a large share of the profits. In the early s Donald A. Wollheim , science fiction editor of the paperback publisher Ace Books , claimed that The Lord of the Rings was not protected in the United States under American copyright law because Houghton Mifflin, the US hardcover publisher, had neglected to copyright the work in the United States.
Tolkien took issue with this and quickly notified his fans of this objection. Authorized editions followed from Ballantine Books and Houghton Mifflin to tremendous commercial success. Tolkien undertook various textual revisions to produce a version of the book that would be published with his consent and establish an unquestioned US copyright. On September 4, , the novel debuted on New York Times' Paperback Bestsellers list as number three, and was number one by December 4, a position it held for eight weeks.
In , for the 50th Anniversary Edition, Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, under supervision from Christopher Tolkien, studied and revised the text to eliminate as many errors and inconsistencies as possible, some of which had been introduced by well-meaning compositors of the first printing in , and never been corrected. Further corrections were added to the 60th Anniversary Edition in Several editions, notably the 50th Anniversary Edition, combine all three books into one volume, with the result that pagination varies widely over the various editions.
From to Christopher Tolkien published the surviving drafts of The Lord of The Rings , chronicling and illuminating with commentary the stages of the text's development, in volumes 6—9 of his History of Middle-earth series. The novel has been translated, with various degrees of success, into at least 56 languages.
Because The Lord of the Rings purports to be a translation of the fictitious Red Book of Westmarch , with the English language representing the Westron of the "original", Tolkien suggested that translators attempt to capture the interplay between English and the invented nomenclature of the English work, and gave several examples along with general guidance.
While early reviews for The Lord of the Rings were mixed, reviews in various media have been, on the whole, highly positive and acknowledge Tolkien's literary achievement as a significant one. The initial review in the Sunday Telegraph described it as "among the greatest works of imaginative fiction of the twentieth century". Auden , an admirer of Tolkien's writings, regarded The Lord of the Rings as a "masterpiece", further stating that in some cases it outdid the achievement of John Milton 's Paradise Lost.
New York Times reviewer Judith Shulevitz criticized the "pedantry" of Tolkien's literary style, saying that he "formulated a high-minded belief in the importance of his mission as a literary preservationist, which turns out to be death to literature itself". Both the characters and the work itself are, according to Jenkyns, "anemic, and lacking in fibre". Hugo Dyson complained loudly at its readings. Lewis , had very different feelings, writing, "here are beauties which pierce like swords or burn like cold iron. Here is a book which will break your heart. Despite its numerous detractors, the publication of the Ace Books and Ballantine paperbacks helped The Lord of the Rings become immensely popular in the United States in the s.
The book has remained so ever since, ranking as one of the most popular works of fiction of the twentieth century, judged by both sales and reader surveys. In similar polls both Germany  and Australia  also found The Lord of the Rings to be their favourite book.
In a poll of Amazon. Although The Lord of the Rings was published in the s, Tolkien insisted that the One Ring was not an allegory for the atomic bomb ,  nor were his works a strict allegory of any kind, but were open to interpretation as the reader saw fit. A few critics have found what they consider racial elements in the story, which are generally based upon their views of how Tolkien's imagery depicts good and evil, characters' race e.
The opinions that pit races against each other most likely reflect Tolkien's criticism of war rather than a racist perspective. In The Two Towers , the character Samwise sees a fallen foe and for a moment he considers the humanity of this fallen Southron who, just moments before, was shown to be a man of color. Critics have also seen social class rather than race as being the determining factor in the portrayal of good and evil. The book has been read as fitting the model of Joseph Campbell 's " monomyth ". The book has been adapted for radio four times. In the s radio station WBAI produced a short radio adaptation.
For this purpose it is generally edited into 13 one-hour episodes. Following J. Tolkien 's sale of the film rights for The Lord of the Rings to United Artists in , rock band The Beatles considered a corresponding film project and approached Stanley Kubrick as a potential director; however, Kubrick turned down the offer, explaining to John Lennon that he thought the novel could not be adapted into a film due to its immensity. After the script was written, which included many changes to the story and the characters, the production company scrapped the project, thinking it too expensive and too risky.
Two film adaptations of the book have been made. The first was J. Some injuries were sustained during the filming of the sequence, including Mortensen chipping his tooth, and Bernard Hill's ear getting slashed. Wood and Astin were joined by Serkis on 13 April Weta began animating Gollum in late to convince New Line they could achieve the effect. Andy Serkis "played" Gollum by providing his voice and movements on set, as well as performing within the motion capture suit later on. His scenes were filmed twice, with and without him. Originally, Gollum was set to solely be a CG character, but Jackson was so impressed by Serkis' audition tape that they used him on set as well.
The original model can still be glimpsed briefly in the first film. Over Christmas , the crew proceeded to reanimate all the previous shots accordingly within two months. Another problem was that the crew realized that the cast performed better in the takes which physically included Serkis. In the end, the CG Gollum was rotoscoped and animated on top of these scenes.
Serkis' motion capture was generally used to animate Gollum's body, except for some difficult shots such as him crawling upside down.
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Gollum's face was animated manually, often using recordings of Serkis as a guide. Gino Acevedo supervised realistic skin tones, which took four hours per frame to render. While the novel alludes to a division within his mind, the film depicts him as having a split personality. The two personalities talk to each other, as established by contrasting camera angles and by Serkis altering his voice and physicality for each persona. Treebeard took between 28 and 48 hours per frame to render. Weta took urethane moulds of tree bark and applied them to the sculpt of Treebeard to create his wooden skin.
Dominic Monaghan and Billy Boyd sat on bicycle seats concealed into Treebeard's hands to avoid discomfort and were left alone on set sitting in the puppet's hands during breaks.
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The puppet was shot against bluescreen. The musical score for The Two Towers was composed, orchestrated, and conducted by Howard Shore , who also composed the music for the other two films in the series. While the scores for its predecessor and sequel won the Academy Award for Best Score, the soundtrack for The Two Towers was not nominated. Initially there was confusion over the score's eligibility due to a new rule applying to sequels, but the Academy did declare it eligible. The score features The London Philharmonic Orchestra , London Voices , The London Oratory School Schola and several vocal and instrumental soloists, including soprano Isabel Bayrakdarian , and Irish fiddler and violinist Dermot Crehan, who also performed on the Hardanger fiddle , which is used in this film in conjunction with the various Rohan themes.
The soundtrack was recorded at Abbey Road Studios. The soundtrack has a picture of Peter Jackson barefoot , the composer, and two producers crossing Abbey Road , referencing The Beatles ' album of the same name. The date was originally intended to be a simultaneous worldwide release, but due to a bank holiday weekend in the United Kingdom, some British stores began selling DVDs as much as four days earlier, much to the ire of the film's UK distributor, which had threatened to withhold advance supplies of subsequent DVD releases.
The runtime expanded to minutes. The set included both the film's theatrical and extended editions on a double-sided disc along with all-new bonus material. The Two Towers opened in theatres on 18 December The website's critics consensus reads, " The Two Towers balances spectacular action with emotional storytelling, leaving audiences both wholly satisfied and eager for the final chapter. The Battle of Helm's Deep has been named as one of the greatest screen battles of all time,  while Gollum was named as the third favourite computer-generated film character by Entertainment Weekly in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the live-action film. For the book from which it was adapted, see The Two Towers. For other uses, see The Two Towers disambiguation. Theatrical release poster. Barrie M.
Osborne Fran Walsh Peter Jackson. Michael Horton. New Zealand  United States   . Further information: Cast of The Lord of the Rings film series. Main article: Production of The Lord of the Rings film series. Main article: Production design of The Lord of the Rings film series. See also: Music of The Lord of the Rings film series. Main article: List of accolades received by The Lord of the Rings film series.
Lord of the Rings TV show: when is it coming to Amazon Prime?
Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 28 December British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 2 May British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 27 November Retrieved 27 November American Film Institute. Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 6 December Turner Classic Movies.
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